Works Cited


Ali, Agha Shahid. A Nostalgist’s Map of America. New York: Norton, 1991.

Ali, Agha Shahid. In Memory of Begum Akhtar and Other Poems. Calcutta, India: Writers Workshop, 1979.


“A Nostalgist’s Map of America.” W.W. Norton & Company Inc.: Books. <>

“Begum Akhtar.” Urdu Poetry Archive. <>

“Biography: Agha Shahid Ali.” Poetry Foundation. <>

“The Desert and the Papago: The Give and Take of Rain.”

“History of Bengladesh.” Bengla2000: the largest portal of Bengladesh. <>

“Papago Indian Tribe History.” Access Genealogy. <>

“The Paris Review No. 107, Summer 1988.” The Paris Review. <>

“The Saguaro Cacuts.” U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service.

“The Veiled Suite.” W.W. Norton & Company Inc.: Books. <>

Images Cited:

“Bangladesh war: The article that changed history.” BBC News. <>

“Begum Akhtar (Video) - Ghazal – 133.” <>

“Classic Bengali Songs in voice of Begum Akhtar.” <>

Cover to The Desert Smells Like Rain:

“Liberation War of Bangladesh.” <>

“Reservations: Arizona: Pagago” Council of Indian Nations. <>

“Saguaro.” Audubon Guides . <>

“Saguaro Fruit and Its Processing.” <>

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